Dialysis-Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis

 Kidneys help filter blood of any impurities and hence play a crucial role in healthy functioning of an individual. Kidney diseases result in progressive loss of the kidney function at different stages of the condition. The disease affecting kidneys might be classified as acute kidney disease if caused due to sudden injury or health development and chronic kidney disease if caused due to a prolonged illness causing slow damage to kidneys. Experts divide the growth of kidney disease into five stages with the 5th stage also known as end stage renal disease (ESRD).

If the condition has progressed to take the form of ESRD, the damage is usually beyond repair an kidney transplant is the best option for a patient. However, there are a multitude of factors which go into deciding if kidney transplant is a viable option. Apart from the suitability of patient to undergo the complex process of kidney transplant, availability of donor organs is one of the biggest obstacles in achieving this goal. The second best option is to opt for dialysis and a large majority of patients suffering from stage IV or stage V kidney disease undergo dialysis to help purify their blood at regular intervals.

There are two types of dialysis including Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis which help filter blood of any impurities but both of these methods have their own distinct advantages and disadvantages for a patient. Hemodialysis involves carrying blood from patient to a specially designed artificial filter called dialyzer and coming in contact with dialysate, which is much like body fluids but does not have any impurities. Hemodialysis is usually carried out three to four times a week and offers a relatively rigid treatment schedule and limits flexibility for the patient.

Peritoneal dialysis is another form of dialysis in which a synthetic tube is inserted into the abdominal cavity and employs a natural thin membrane lining the abdomen called peritoneum for filtering the blood. Dialysate, a fluid use for cleansing blood of impurities, is introduced through the tube place in abdominal cavity. The dialysate helps to extract impurities and waste fluids from the blood and once dialysate has been used it is replaced with fresh dialysate to purify the blood at regular intervals.

The exchange can be carried out with a machine called cycler. Alternatively, it can also be performed manually. Peritoneal dialysis offers greater flexibility of schedule although patients are expected to undertake this process at regular intervals. Physical suitability is another factor which is important in deciding what type of dialysis can be performed for best results.  

Patients should always go to the best Dialysis Centre in delhi as it comprises of well-trained healthcare professionals, qualified nurses and other support staff to look after you round the clock. They can handle emergency cases with ease and ensure to provide high class services to their patients. Don’t worry while going to Best Dialysis Centre as you are assured to be in safe hands.



Dr. Vikram Kalra MBBS - MD (Medicine), Mumbai, DM(Nephrology, AIIMS)
Nephrologist & Renal Transplant Physician

  • C5A/305A, Janakpuri, New Delhi-110058
    OPD: 5.30pm to 7.30pm ,Tues/Thurs/Sat
  • +91 9891128869 / 9818843462
  • docvikramkalra@gmail.com